‘Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. It may, therefore, be seen as encompassing a range of behaviors aimed at destroying or taking over the position of an established government .. while an armed but limited rebellion is an insurrection and if the established government does not recognize the rebels as belligerents then they are insurgents and the revolt is an insurgency .. this definition can go on ..”
M J Akbar writes in his blog today which is really interesting to read ..’Gandhi, being a Mahatma, was the only Indian leader who could straddle the chasm between revolution and insurrection. That was because he kept them on a parallel course, with different objectives. He offered a revolutionary prescription for social ills, in particular the malpractice of religion, but understood that the cure would take time far beyond the limitations of his own life. His politics, driven by the need to remove foreign rule, was the sum total of three insurrections, each separated by a decade: non-cooperation between 1920 and 1922; the brief Salt Satyagraha ten years later; and then the final push that began in 1942, the Quit India movement. He moved forward in quantum leaps, but realized that the Indian people should be prevented from over-reach, leaving his followers perplexed and opponents mystified. His politics achieved supreme success; his revolution demanded supreme sacrifice.’ ( excerpt from – ‘For every Telangana, a dozen seeds are being fertilized’ TOI Article dt 04 August 2013)
The present chasm between insurrection and revolution is due to absence of morally right understanding among political parties as well as dearth of effective governance and leadership in Indian Politics. Truly, at present, there is no one good moral capable political leader in our country. If at all, there is one, his or her efforts is discouraged, sabotaged, vanquished by the surrounding system. There is a growing stench of ‘lack of probity’ in the lives of existing leaders belonging to different parties and unfortunately, the appalling indifference of the electorate has only led to debauchery of the Indian political system. As expected, not many ‘moral and educated ones’ among Indians want to enter the field of politics in India with a daring intent to clean the muck. Possibly, I understand, it is not easy to clean the muck either. And, this helplessness has only enthused the immoral to get elected repeatedly and prosper as a result of wrong doings that is unchecked and unchallenged. So, Is a civil revolution the only answer ? I do not know whether the change will be as a result of .. a silent ‘Anna Hazare’ protest, or a ‘Telangana’ style rebellion or an impending civil revolution ? Only the passage of time can decide and reveal the truth.
Telangana state has born out of necessity to correct the neglected state of affairs in the region. This singular case-study has to teach a worthy lesson to the trusted and elected political leaders of our country. Otherwise, I am afraid more such rebellion will occur in more parts of our country – and possibly one day .. eventually lead to a state of anarchy .. if there is no other way out.