Let’s define and understand – What is Escape Velocity ?
‘Escape velocity is the speed that an object needs to be traveling to break free of a planet or moon’s gravity well and leave it without further propulsion. For example, a spacecraft leaving the surface of Earth needs to be going 7 miles per second, or nearly 25,000 miles per hour to leave without falling back to the surface or falling into orbit.’ ( Source; Wikipedia)
In his paper “Achieving escape velocity: Neighbourhood and school interventions to reduce persistent inequality”, Harvard’s Roland D Fryer and Lawrence F Katz examine policies that enable youth to “escape the gravitational pull of poverty”. This paper reviews the evidence on the efficacy of neighborhood and school interventions in improving the long-run outcomes of children growing up in poor families. Higher-quality neighborhoods improve family safety, adult subjective well-being and health, and girls’ mental health. But they have no detectable impact on youth human capital, labor market outcomes, or risky behaviors. In contrast, higher-quality schools can improve children’s academic achievement and can have longer-term positive impacts of increasing educational attainment and earnings and reducing incarceration and teen pregnancy.
I can highlight one community that has really taken advantage of community consciousness or the benefit of togetherness – i.e., evidently the Keralite community ! They worked harder to be rich and wealthy, by going overseas, particularly to the Middle East countries. And, they built opportunities to help their community members, by finding jobs for them wherever they went. In fact, they succeeded to be even the co-owners of department stores/ supermarkets by sheer excessive energy displayed through entrepreneurship. What did they overcome ? They overcame the lack of opportunity ( especially of jobs) inside their state as a result of rampant unionism in the industries. The state government of Kerala did not give any lee way to capitalism. But, the ‘well-doing’ members of the Kerala community became popular worldwide, as a result of the ‘escape velocity’ exercised by them.
No one can help the ‘other’, unless the required change is from within him or her. The change could be through economic measures adopted, or through community gaining education/ knowledge, or through a dynamic culture imbibed by the community and/ or through inclusive religious principles practiced. Many civilizations have perished from the surface of earth, if they did not change with the present times. Dalit community has to learn from its past mistakes and help each other in the community( like keralites did), to rise above societal limitations. This can be initiated only by the prominent leaders within the Dalit community. They should help their community .. because they are in the positions of power to help others. Unlike the crabs which pull down their colleague-crabs from climbing out of the bucket they are put in, the Dalit community has to work much harder without wasting much time to rise above the normal flora.
This is what I assume and understand from Rahul Gandhi’s version or reference to Escape velocity and uplift of any community as a whole.